Surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses in a patient. They operate on patients to treat injuries, including a broken bone, diseases including cancer, tumors, and deformities including cleft palates. Surgeons take a patient’s medical history and update their charts and information to show current findings and relevant treatments. They order tests for nurses and other healthcare staff to perform on the patient and review test results to identify any abnormal findings.
Surgeons recommend and design a plan of treatment for the patient and stand by to address concerns or answer patients’ questions about health and well-being, and they help the patient care for their health by discussing topics including proper nutrition and hygiene. Surgeons use various instruments to correct physical deformities, repair bones or tissues after an injury, or to perform preventive or elective surgeries for a patient. Some perform general surgery, while others specialize in a specific area, including orthopedic surgery, or cardiovascular surgery. Surgeons need a bachelor's degree in premedical studies with a concentration in biology, chemistry, physics, and math. They need four years of medical school followed by the appropriate residency requirements. A surgeon must be licensed to the specified requirements by their state, and they must have completed training in their specialty. Surgeons must also pass a standardized national licensure exam.
Average Years of Experience
Common Skill Sets